There are two types of diabetes which are type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. It can be diagnosed at any age, but it tends to occur earlier in childhood for some people. Type 2 diabetes, in contrast, usually appears in adulthood. It develops as your body becomes resistant to insulin or doesn’t produce enough insulin for your needs.
Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. In fact, about 100,000 deaths in America each year are caused by diabetes or high blood sugar levels related to diabetes according to the CDC.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which your body’s immune system mistakenly harms the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas. It is most common in children and is driven by rising childhood obesity and lack of exercise, coupled with increasing food insecurity and poverty in impoverished countries.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which your body doesn’t make enough insulin, or can’t use the insulin it makes. This causes sugar to build up in your blood instead. If you have type 2 diabetes and don’t treat it, it may lead to other health complications.
The 2 types of Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are both forms of diabetes. Both types of diabetes share certain characteristics, including excessive amounts of sugar in the blood and urine; high levels of sugar in the urine; increased thirst and urination; slow healing of wounds. Both may lead to many other health problems as well.
Type 1 is an autoimmune disease, which means that your immune system attacks your pancreas and prevents it from creating insulin to regulate blood glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes occurs when your cells become resistant to insulin and stop responding to it or when your body is unable to use the insulin produced effectively.